It occupies an area of 110,993 square kilometers and it has a population of over 6.8 million. Out of those, more than 84% are Bulgarians and other minorities include Turks and Romani people.
Currently, Bulgaria is a unitary parliamentary republic. It gained independence from the Ottoman Empire on October 5, 1908, while modern Bulgarian history started in 1990.
When it comes to its economy, this country is a developing nation that has upper-middle-income. Bulgaria also ranks 56th on the Human Development Index and its market economy consists of services, building, mining, and agriculture.
As for the current issues that the country is facing, the number one problem is corruption.
At the moment, Bulgaria is a member of:
- The Council of Europe,
- Founding member of OSCE
It borders North Macedonia and Serbia to the west, Turkey and Greece to the south, the Black Sea to the east, and Romania to the North.
Its peak population was in 1988, but since then, the country is facing a population shrinking problem. In 1988, its peak population was around nine million.